Newsletter: Topic Index

Tanker

Shown below is a complete index to all major topics and sub-topics which have appeared in one or more Asdem Newsletters since we began publishing this industry-critical information.

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Additional War Risk Premium
AWRP not recoverable - London Arbitration 4/13 871 LMLN 252 
Address Commission
Deduction of address commission from demurrage claims44 
AFRA rates
London Tanker Brokers' Panel30 
Which AFRA rate?30 
AmWelsh voyage charter party
AmWelsh charter party - exception for delays after strike ended47 
Arbitration
Apportionment of Costs25 
Arbitration Act 1996, Section 6942 
Arbitrators have no duty to assist parties who missed a valid point/case.48 
By Asdem2 12 18 45 
Damages for detention - 1/09 772 LMLN 341 
Final and Binding Arbitration42 
London Arbitration 4/16 946 (2016)61 
London Arbitration 8/08 748 LMLN 2 (2)38 
London Arbitration LMLN 13/1560 
London Arbitration LMLN 13/15 (2015)60 
London Arbitration LMLN 16/05 (2005)27 30 
London Arbitration LMLN 19/10 (2010)45 
London Arbitration LMLN 2/08 (2008)37 
London Arbitration LMLN 21/07 (2007)36 
London Arbitration LMLN 4/13 871 (2013)52 
London Arbitration LMLN 510 11/9947 
London Arbitration LMLN 6/12 (2012)51 
SMA Arbitration (2010) Chembulk Trading v. Interchem Logistics44 
SMA Arbitration M/T "Niki" (2007)35 
SMA Arbitration No. 3948 M/T "Magpie" (2006)35 
Unpublished awards15 27 36 39 42 50 
Arrived Ship
The definition of "arrival" and "arrived ship" in English law51 
Asbatankvoy
Awaiting daylight21 
Breakdown of machinery or equipment - clause 819 23 26 
Commencement of laytime - clause 514 
Customary anchorage - drifting36 
Damages for Detention34 
Excluding "reachable on arrival" from clause 918 22 
Half-rate demurrage - clause 815 16 17 23 26 27 
NOR tendered before anchoring15 16 17 18 29 57 
Perils of the Sea - Clause 1934 
Reachable on arrival34 36 
Restraint of Princes - Clause 1948 
Safe Berth Warranty34 37 
The "Laura Prima" - "Reachable on arrival"20 23 
Time of valid Notice of Readiness11 
Why use Asbatankvoy?2 28 
Awaiting daylight
Awaiting daylight4 5 21 
Bad weather
Bad weather1 18 29 
Sea State - tides, swell etc.29 
Barge Demurrage
1st European Oil Barge Conference - Rotterdam May 201249 50 
2nd European Oil Barge Conference - Rotterdam May 201455 56 
Barge Industry Working Group62 
Barge Sales Contracts - whose contract prevails?49 
European Oil Barge Demurrage Workshops47 
LEAP - Leadership for Energy Automated processing - European Barge Contract Standardisation57 
Resolving barge disputes "Argy-bargy"49 
TTB Rules - for third party claims?48 
Berth Charter Party
Berth or Port charter party?42 
Berthing
Conoco weather clause4 27 
Delays after berthing22 
Open sea berth10 
Other cargo operations while awaiting a berth19 20 57 
Unberthing/reberthing costs13 
Unsafe berth4 51 
Who decides if weather too bad for berthing?18 
Bills of Lading
Bills of Lading - Quantity and Quality Disputes56 
BPVOY3
Awaiting daylight4 5 
BPVOY3 cl. 16 and 23 excess pumping/time bars36 
Early loading - clause 1721 
Equipment failure - clause 2113 19 
NOR tendered by email not valid52 
Time of valid NOR12 
BPVOY4
Cl.7.3.3 - Time for placing documents on board40 
Early loading - clause 7.3.121 30 
Gangway in position21 
Safe Berth41 
Time barring claims under BPVOY439 
TVEL requirement for US ports24 
BPVOY5
BPVOY5 61 
Breakdown of Machinery
Breakdown of machinery or equipment - Asbatankvoy clause 819 23 26 
Mechanical break down of machinery55 
Bunkering
Bunkering while awaiting a berth38 43 57 
Claim for value of bunkers sold (The "Res Cogitans" 2015)61 
During deviation22 
Sufficient bunkers for the voyage43 
While awaiting a berth21 
Cargo
Overloading3 
Case law - Australia
Caltex Refining Co. Pty Ltd. v. BHP Transport Ltd. (The "Iron Gippsland") [1993]54 
Case law - English
AIC Limited v. ITS Testing Services (UK) Limited [2006] 1 Lloyd's 131 
AIC Ltd. v. Marine Pilot "The Archimidis" [2008]37 
Albacore SRL v. Westcott & Laurance Line [1966]54 
Antonelli v. Allen [2001]25 
Bernuth Lines Ltd. v. High Seas Shipping Ltd. (The Eastern Navigator) [2006]31 
Cala Rosa Marine Co. Ltd. v. Sucres et Denrées Group - 09 Civ. 425 (SAS)40 
Carboex SA v. Louis Dreyfus Commodities Suisse SA [2011] EWHC 116547 50 
Carboex SA v. Louis Dreyfus Commodities Suisse SA [2012] EWCA Civ 83850 
Cargill UK Ltd. v. Continental UK Ltd. [1989]35 
Castle Insurance Co Ltd v. Hong Kong Islands Shipping Co Ltd (The "Potoi Chau") [1984] 1AC 226 (PC)53 
Choil Trading SA v. Sahara Energy Resources Ltd. [2010]43 
ED & F Man Sugar Ltd. v. Belmont Shipping Ltd. [2011] EWHC 2992 (Comm)48 
ED & F Man Sugar Ltd. v. Unicargo Transport Gesellschaft mBH (The "Lady Tramp" [2012] EWCA Civ 144955 
ED & F Man Sugar Ltd. v. Unicargo Transport Gesellschaft mBH (The "Lady Tramp" [2012] EWHC 2879 (Comm)51 
Ellis Shipping Corp. v. Voest Alpine (The "Lefthero") [1992] 1 Lloyd's Rep 10940 
Exfin Shipping (India) Ltd. v. Tolani Shipping Co. Ltd. [2006]32 
Fal Oil v. Petronas Trading (The "Devon") [2004] 2 Lloyd's Rep 28226 28 40 
Falkonera Shipping Company v. Arcadia Energy Pte Ltd. [2012] EWHC 3678 (Comm) and EWCA Civ 713 20151 56 
Ford and others v. Cotesworth and another [1868]18 
Galaxy Energy International ltd v. Murco Petroleum Ltd (The "Sea Crown") [2013] EWHC 3720 (Comm)54 
Gard Marine & Energy Ltd. v. China National Chartering Co Ltd. (The "Ocean Victory" [2013] EWHC 2199 (Comm)53 55 
GHSP Inc. v. AB Electronic Ltd. [2010] EWHC 1828 (Comm)46 
Gill & Duffus S.A. v. Berger & Co Inc [1983] 1 LR 62244 
Glencore Energy UK v. Cirrus Oil Services Ltd [2014] EWHC87 (Comm)55 
Glencore Energy UK v. Sonol Israel [2011] EWHC 2756 (Comm)48 
Glencore Energy UK v. Transworld Oil [2010]43 
Golden Fleece Maritime Inc v. S.T. Shipping & Transport Inc. [2007]36 
Great Elephant Corporation v. Trafigura Beheer BV (The “Crudesky”) [2013] EWCA Civ 90560 
Hadley v. Baxendale, 9 Exch. 341 (1854)38 50 
Houlder Brothers & Co Ltd v. Commissioner of Public Works [1908] AC 2764 40 
Independent Petroleum Group Ltd. v. Seacarriers Count Pte Ltd ("The Count") [2006] All ER (D) 14934 
Inverkip Steamship Company Ltd. v. Bunge & Co [1917] 2KB 19840 
Kassiopi Maritime Co. Ltd v Fal Shipping Co. Ltd, “The Adventure” [2015] EWHC 318 (Comm)58 61 
Leonios Steamship Co. Ltd. v. Joseph Rank Ltd, (No.2) (1908) 13 Com.Cas. 29550 
Lia Oil SA v. Erg Petroli Spa [2007] "The Liano" & "The Kogalym"34 
Mallozzi v. Carapelli [1976] 1 Lloyd's Rep 40727 40 
Masefield AG v. Amlin Corporate Member Ltd. [2011] EWCA Civ 2446 
Mash & Murrell Ltd v. Joseph L. Emanuel Ltd [1961] 1WLR 86244 
Metall Market OOO v. Vitorio Shipping Co Ltd (The "Lehmann Timber") EWCA Civ 65053 
MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. and Cottonex Anstalt [2016] EWCA Civ 78962 
National Shipping Co. of Saudi Arabia v. BP Oil Supply Co. The "Abqaiq" [2011] EWCA Civ 112745 48 61 
Nelson & Sons v. Nelson Line (Liverpool) Ltd. No.3 [1908]14 18 
Ocean Bulk Shipping & Trading SA v. TMT Asia Ltd. and Ors [2009] 1WLR 243641 
OK Petroleum v. Vitol SA - The "Chemical Venture" [1995]1 
Postlethwaite v. Freeland [1880]22 
President of India v. LIPS Maritime Corporation [1998] 1 AC 39548 
Progress Bulk Carriers Ltd. v. Tube City Ims Llc (The "Cenk K") [2012] EWHC 273 (Comm)49 
Proton Energy Group SA v. Orlen Lietuva [2013] EWHC 2872 (Comm)54 55 
PST Energy and Product Shipping v. OW Bunker Malta and Ing Bank [2015 EWCA Civ 1058]61 
Pyrene Co. v. Scindia Navigation Co. [1954]54 
Reardon Smith Line Ltd. v. East Asiatic Co Ltd. [1938] 4 All ER 10747 
Reardon Smith Line Ltd. v. Ministry of Agriculture [1959] 2 Lloyd's Rep 22930 
Shipping Corporation of India v. Jaldhi Overseas [2009] US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit42 
The "Achilleas" Transfield Shipping Inc. v. Mercator Shipping Inc. [2008] 2 Lloyd's Rep. 275 [2008]38 50 
The "Agamemnon" [1998]7 20 
The "Alfrapearl" [2003]/[2004]23 26 27 55 
The "Aries" (Aries Tanker Corp v Total Transport [1977]30 
The "Azur Gas" - SHV Gas Supply and Trading SAS v. Naftomar Shipping and Trading Co. Ltd. [2005]31 32 
The "Bonde" [1991] 1 Lloyd's Rep 13640 41 
The "Boukadoura" [1989] 1 Lloyd's Rep 39356 
The "Bow Cedar" [2005] 1 Lloyd's Rep 27529 
The "Chios Breeze" [1958]18 
The "David Agmashenebeli" [2003] 1 Lloyd's Rep 9256 
The "Delian Spirit" [1971]8 56 
The "Eagle Valencia" AET Inc. Ltd. v. Arcadia Petroleum [2009] + C of A [2010]42 44 
The "Eastern City" [1958] 2 Lloyd's Rep 12753 
The "Fina Samco" [1995]9 
The "Fjordaas" [1988]4 
The "Front Commander" - Tidebrook Maritime Corporation v. Vitol SA. [2006]31 32 
The "Happy Day" [2000]16 19 20 
The "Harriette N", Statoil ASA v. Louis Dreyfus Energy Services LP [2008]39 
The "Isabelle" [1982]13 
The "Jay Ganesh" [1994]25 
The "Johanna Oldendorff" [1973] 2 Lloyd's Rep 28512 15 17 22 34 43 45 51 
The "Johs Stove" [1984]33 48 
The "Kriti Palm" [2006] ECA Civ 160144 
The "Laura Prima" [1982]2 17 20 22 23 
The "Linardos" [1994]25 
The "Luxmar" - ERG Raffinerie Mediterranee SpA v. Chevron USA Inc. [2006]32 35 54 
The "Maratha Envoy" [1972] 2 Lloyd's Rep 30151 
The "Mary Nour" [2008]38 
The "Mercini Lady" - KG Bominflot Bunkergesellschaft v Petroplus Marketing AG [2009] EWHC 1088 (Comm), [2010] EWCA 1145, (No.2) EWHC 3009 (Comm).41 45 52 
The "Merida" - Neologistics ARL v. Five Oceans Corporation [2009]42 
The "Mexico I" [1990]2 11 15 16 20 
The "Minerva" [2001] - London County Court16 17 36 
The "Muncaster Castle" [1961] 1LR 5755 
The "Nafri" [1978] 2 Lloyd's Rep 13230 
The "Nikmary" [2003]22 24 
The "Notos" [1987]22 
The "Oltenia", Babanft v. Avant Petroleum [1982] 1 Lloyd's Rep 44844 61 
The "Olympic Brilliance" [1981] 2 Lloyd's Rep 20530 
The "Petr Schmidt" [1998]3 7 15 28 
The "President Brand" [1967] 2 Lloyd's Rep 33834 36 
The "Sabrewing", Waterfront Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Trafigura AG [2008] 1 Lloyd's Rep 28636 38 39 48 61 
The "Simonburn" [1973] 1 Lloyd's Rep 39246 
The "Spear 1" [2003]/[2004]22 25 35 
The "Stolt Spur" [2001]19 20 21 38 43 
The "Thanassis A" [1982] Olbena SA v.Psara Maritime Inc. LMLN 68 (1982)19 51 
The "Timna" [1970]16 44 
The "Virginia M" [1989]19 
The “Coral Seas”, Imperator I Maritime Company v. Bungay SA [2016] EWHC 1506 (Comm)62 
The “Reborn” - Mediterranean Salvage & Towage Limited v. Seamar Trading and Commerce Inc [2009] EWCA Civ 531 (Case law)41 
The Petroleum Oil and Gas Corporation of South Africa v. FR8 Singapore Ltd. [2008]39 
Toepfer v. Continental Grain Co. [1974] 1 LR 1144 
Trafigura Beheer BV v. Navigazione Montanari SPA "The Valle Cordoba" [2014] EWHC 129 (Comm)55 
Trafigura Beheer BV v. Ravennavi SpA (The "Port Russel") [2013] EWHC 490 (Comm)52 
Transfield Shipping Inc. v. Mercator Shipping Inc. (The "Achilleas") [2008] 2 Lloyd's Rep. 27550 
Transoceanic Co. Ltd. v. Newton Shipping Ltd. [2001]38 
Transpetrol Maritime Services Ltd. v. SJB (Marine Energy) BV The "Rowan" [2011] (unreported) and C of A [2012]46 49 
Unilever Plc v. Proctor & Gamble Co. [2000] 1WLR 243641 
Veba Oil Supply and Trading GmbH v. Petrotrade inc [2001] EWCA Civ 183244 
Walsh v. Rother District Council [1978]12 
Winter Storm Shipping v. Thai Petrochemical Industries [2002] US42 
X v. Y [2011] EWHC 152 (Comm)46 
Case Law - Singapore
The "Vasiliy Golovnin" [2008] SGCA 39, [2008] 4 SLR 99441 
Case Law - United States
Kingsbury Navigation Ltd. v. Koch Shipping Inc, (The "Sea Dancer") 14 June 2012 US District Court (SDNY)50 
Senator Linie GBH & Co. KG v. Sunway Line Inc., 291 F.3d 145,170 (2d Cir. 2002)50 
Civil Procedure Rules
Clause 36 Offers61 
Claims Handling
Hard copy claims46 47 
Phone is better than email for effective claims resolution54 
Working Group on a Code of Best Practice for the Handling of Claims39 40 
Code of Practice for handling and settlement of claims
Code of Practice 200941 42 
Conoco weather clause
Conoco weather clause4 23 27 29 
Contra Proferentem
Definition of contra proferentem rule47 
Crude Oil Washing
Crude Oil Washing13 25 
Deadfreight
Liability for Deadfreight37 
Debt Recovery
Debt Recovery25 
Demurrage
Failure to pay agreed demurrage claim32 
Making a profit from demurrage claims40 
Once on Demurrage, always on demurrage?62 
Turning demurrage into an indemnity4 11 44 
Detention
Damages for Detention34 40 
Damages for detention 1/09 772 LMLN 341 
Delays after hoses disconnected51 
Documents
Allowance for putting documents on board18 
Documentary instructions3 
Sending claims etc. by email31 
Supporting documents for claims6 44 
Due Diligence
The meaning of "Due Diligence"55 
Duress
Economic Duress - the principles49 
Early loading clauses
"Time Saved" - Amendment to Shellvoy527 
BPVOY3 cl.1721 
BPVOY4 cl.7.3.121 30 
ExxonMobil Voy2000 cl.13(b)21 27 
London arbitration LMLN 16/05 (2005)27 30 
Exxon Voy90
Awaiting daylight4 5 
ExxonMobil Voy2000
Delays by local authorities - clause 14(c)(v)22 24 
Early loading - clause 13(b)21 27 
Gangway in position21 
General review14 
ExxonMobil Voy2012
Removal of 24 hour pumping warranty52 
Significant changes from ExxonMobil Voy2005 to demurrage related clauses49 
Force Majeure
Force Majeure33 60 
Frustration38 
Foreseeability
Exceptional loss of profit not foreseeable50 
When foreseeability is not enough38 
Free Pratique
Free Pratique8 22 42 44 56 
Freight Costs
Freight Cost Dispute (LMLN 4/16 2016)61 
Frustration of contracts
Frustration38 
In-Transit Loss
What constitutes an in-transit loss55 
Independent Inspectors
"Jointly appointed"22 
Obligations of inspectors - test certificates31 
Inspection delays
US Coast Guard inspections24 
Interim Port Clauses
Interim Port Clauses32 51 
ISPS CLAUSES
ISPS Clauses28 
Late payment
Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 199814 25 
Laytime
"Commencement of Laytime" 4th Ed. by Donald Davies32 40 
Commencing on berthing7 
Exception to laytime (strike)50 
Keeping laytime & demurrage clauses separate28 
Loading prior to start of laytime31 
Prior to opening of letter of credit22 25 35 
LEAP
US Public Docks Clause57 
Letters of Credit
Letters of Credit issues22 25 35 
Lien on Cargo
Owner's lien on cargo - costs53 
LNG
LNGVOY Charter Party 201661 
Local Authorities (Coast Guards, Customs, Immigration etc.)
Delays after berthing22 
Machinery and Equipment
Breakdown at terminal13 
Definition of breakdown of machinery etc.19 23 51 
Pre-existing breakdown at terminal30 
Mobilvoy96
Mobilvoy961 
Nigerian demurrage claims
Nigerian demurrage claims7 
NNPC GTC's Article 33 - time bar43 
Notice of Readiness
Acceptance of NOR by charterer38 
Failure to provide valid NOR certificates44 
Invalid NOR (See case law - The "Petr Schmidt" 1996)2 
Invalid NOR tendered by email under BPVOY3 c/p52 
NOR invalidated by late granting of free pratique44 
Prior to start of laydays14 
Tendered before anchoring15 16 17 18 29 
Tendering prior to laydays28 
The "Happy Day" [2000]19 20 
Time of valid NOR11 12 45 51 57 
Off-spec Cargo
Cargo off-spec on delivery at discharge port44 
Commencement of Laytime34 
Perils of the Sea
Perils of the Sea34 
Pilots
No "daylight" pilot - Shellvoy516 
Work to rule15 
Piracy and ransom payments
Piracy - claim for loss of value of cargo. Ransom payments not illegal46 
Piracy - stolen cargo not an in-transit loss55 
Port and quay dues
Who pays for quay/pier dues37 
Pro rata for part cargo
Pro rata for part cargo21 
Pumping clauses and disputes
C/p warranty and additional damages22 
Charter party clauses3 4 10 
Crude Oil Washing13 25 
ExxonMobil Voy2012 - removal of 24 hour warranty52 
Pumping disputes8 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 27 33 35 60 
Pumping performance formula6 19 20 22 33 35 61 
Stripping and Draining of Vessel's tanks27 
Quarantine
Quarantine restricitions in charter parties56 
Restraint of Princes
Restraint of Princes48 
Rule B Attachment
Rule B attachment of funds40 42 
Safe berth/port
Safe berth not implied41 
Unsafe berth4 34 37 
Unsafe port - Kashima53 
Sale of Goods Act 1979
Oil quality - to remain on-spec after delivery41 44 46 
Sales contracts
Accepting cargo before delivery date18 
Barge sales contracts - whose contract prevails?49 
Delays to opening of letter of credit22 25 
Delivery dates2 43 
FOB contract - damages for delay to loading54 
FOB plus Freight sales contracts27 
Incorporating charter party terms into sales contracts60 
Indemnity clause for demurrage - deduction of address commission44 
Late delivery6 
Laycan / INCOTERM31 32 35 
Laytime commencing on berthing7 
Repudiatory breach of CIF contract54 
Repudiatory breach of FOB contract43 
Sale of Goods Act 197941 44 46 
Substitution of vessels under FOB contracts35 
When does a trading contract become binding?54 55 
Which terms constitute the contract - "The Battle of the Forms"7 46 
Working hours3 
Shellvoy5
Berth "inaccessible" - clause 13(1)(a)13 
Exceptions to laytime - clause 14(c)(ii)12 
Incorporating the Conoco weather clause3 
No "daylight" pilot16 
Pilots' work to rule - clause 14(c)(iii)15 
When does 6 hr NOR allowance start to run?9 10 
SHELLVOY6
Safe berth41 
SHELLVOY628 
Ship owner's obligation to maintain vessel
Owner's obligation to comply with changes in Marpol regulations36 
Ship-to-Ship transfers
Cargo transfers between VLCC's and OCIMF guidelines51 56 
Statements of Facts
Statements of Facts1 
Strike
Definition and when stoppage not a strike24 
Strike - exception to laytime after strike ended47 50 
Stripping Cargo Tanks
Time for stripping and demurrage53 
Time bars
BPVOY3 cl. 16 and 2336 
BPVOY4 Clause 2061 
Complying with documentary requirements36 38 39 44 
Correct submission of claims17 45 61 
Failure to ensure claim fully documented36 44 
Failure to provide required estimate of claim50 
Incorporation into sales contracts1 
Incorrectly documented claims16 
Limitations Act 1980 - 6 year rule (English law)34 48 
Ship owners' claims8 45 46 
Time charters
Shelltime 4 arbitration9 
Time differences
Time differences/ clock changes21 57 
US Coast Guard
Certificate of Compliance and interim examinations44 
TVEL and inspection delays24 
US Law
Acceptance by US Courts of English judicial decisions50 

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